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Fisheries Scoping Survey in the Pangkajene Islands Corridor

Ditulis oleh Admin | 11 April 2022


The Pangkajene Islands Corridor (Pangkep) is a name for the Sabalana Islands, located between the Makassar Strait and Sumbawa Island. It is of significant ecological importance as a migratory route for sharks, and turtles and fishing grounds for snapper, grouper, tuna and shark, with abundant catches. The Pangkep Corridor is a priority area in the Wallacea region and is estimated to have the ability to adapt to the impacts of climate change. The conservation area of the Sabalana Islands is facing a challenge of destructive fishing, such as the use of  bombs, anaesthetics and compressors. In response, there are at least two efforts that need to be prioritized in increasing the effectiveness of conservation area management in the Sabalana Islands, namely (1) strengthening the role and capacity of the community in managing conservation areas, and (2) reducing threats to the sustainability of marine and fishery resources.

A scoping survey of capture fisheries characteristics was conducted to obtain basic information on the condition of fisheries in the intervention sites, namely Sailus Besar Village, Kapoposang Bali Village, and Setanger Village, Liukang Tangaya District, Pangkajene Islands Regency. Respondent interviews and field observations as data collection techniques were conducted for approximately two weeks in January 2022.

From the data, it was found that small-scale fishermen dominate capture fisheries activities in the three villages. The fish that fishermen target are coral and demersal fish and large pelagic fish. Sometimes rare, endangered, and protected biota species, such as turtles, were accidentally caught. The caught biota would usually be personally consumed. The fishing areas were scattered around the waters of the Liukang Tangaya District, close to the location of the fishing base for fishermen, while the fleet used is under 5 GT. The fish trading network in Sailus Besar Village, Kapoposang Bali Village, and Setanger Village starts from fishermen who sell fish to local collectors in each village, which are then sold to local markets in Sumbawa and some to restaurants. Certain types of fish that meet export quality will go to big gatherers in Labuhan Lombok and Sumbawa or be distributed to businesses to export to Taiwan and Singapore. The result of the study from the information collected is then used as the basis for determining the fish landing data collection scheme and determining the priority and economically important fish species that will be monitored at the intervention site.

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